Roof rats are destructive creatures which as black to brown in colour. They have a length of about 18 inches including tail. Most of them are slender and nearly hairless but they have large ears. They are mainly found in the ceiling and attics of buildings. They nest outside in woodpiles, trees, and debris these rats are omnivorous. They can chew on anything including pipes, wires, and PVC. They should be controlled using appropriate methods. Their typical foods include vegetables, tree bark, seeds, nuts, plant material and seeds. Their natural enemies include birds of prey, dogs, snakes, coyotes, owls, and other rats. You should consider hiring professional services to prevent roof rat damages to attics.
Prevention and Removal
All the openings from the attic should be covered with hardware cloth. Flowers and trees should also be trimmed regularly. Rats that are inside the building can be by using traps even if it is difficult to pick the right location, and size of the bait. Avoid using poisons since the smell of the carcass can fill the whole building especially when it is in hard-to-reach areas.
Impact on healthy
Rats are known for spreading diseases. They mainly do this by directly biting people or by contacting food with faces and urine. They can also transmit disease indirectly; fleas can carry diseases from infected rats to people or other animals.
Damage Caused by Roof Rats
Burrowing of rats can weaken the foundation of a structure. This can undermine the foundations of walkways, buildings, and roads. They can also cause damage by feeding on the wooden door frames, electric wires, and upholstery. In addition to this, these creatures are known for causing damage by contaminating the stored food. They can also cause fire by chewing on thermal insulation and electric wires. They are pretty pests.
Their droppings are also disgusting. Apart from being stinky, their droppings can spread diseases and attract other rodents. The main infections spread to people by rats include tapeworms and salmonella. Pets like cats and dogs are also affected by rats. The microorganisms spread by rat can make these pets to suffer from internal parasites and diarrhea. Furthermore, rats are known for carrying other pets such as ticks and mites. It is, therefore, imperative to make sure that your home is thoroughly screened once it gets infested with rats.
Signs Showing Activities of Roof Rats
- Unsettled pet
- Noises in the wall and attic
- Visual sightings on trees, power lines, roofs, patios, and bushes
- Rat Droppings
- Damage to electrical wires’ coverings and plastic
- Gnawing marks and gnaws sounds
How Do Rats Enter Homes?
- The attic is a safe refuge and nesting place for these pests. They can then enter your home from the attic
- They come sheds, homes, and garages through openings when they are looking for safe places for nesting and away from predators.
- They can follow water pipes down from the roof.